James McCune Smith, MD, was a first-class man. In 1837, he became the first African American to receive a medical degree, although he had to enroll in the Medical School of the University of Glasgow due to racist admission practices in the United States, and that was far from his only pioneering achievement. James McCune Smith wasn't just any doctor. He was the first African American to obtain a medical degree, educated at the University of Glasgow in the 1830s, when no American university would admit it.
For this pioneering achievement alone, Smith deserves greater appreciation. Access to this page has been denied because we believe you are using automation tools to navigate the website. David Jones Peck was the first black person to graduate from medical school in the United States. James McCune Smith was the first African-American to receive a doctorate in medicine from a university.
Born in 1813 to a poor fugitive slave from South Carolina who had escaped to New York City, he went on to attend the University of Glasgow during the 1830s. When he returned to the United States, he became a prominent black doctor, a tireless abolitionist, activist and journalist. The achievements of these men would be exceptional from any point of view, but even more so, for a group that was born enslaved or deprived of basic rights as free blacks. While she had seen his name in her grandmother's family Bible, he was a “Scottish doctor” in family tradition.
But it was usually used in low concentrations mixed in a solution, and doctors stressed that it should be applied with caution and as a last resort. The school graduated a list of children who would occupy the highest ranks of black intellectual and public life. Finally, I came across the 1837 case of a young doctor from Glasgow who sought to expose the painful experimental drug trials that had been carried out on impoverished women at a local hospital. He studied at Bowdoin College in Maine, received his doctorate in medicine in the 1840s, established a practice in Boston, and became the first African-American member of the Massachusetts Medical Association.
For smugglers, the idea of being paid for work is novel, and the reality of a black doctor is unimaginable. No one has yet told the full story of how African Americans like McCune Smith became doctors or how they used their knowledge of medical science to fight injustice and prejudice. With a medical practice in lower Manhattan, Smith specialized in general surgery and medicine, treating black and white patients. It is estimated that after the riots, Manhattan's black population declined by 20 percent, many of them leaving for Brooklyn.
Smith served for 20 years as medical director of the Colored Orphans Asylum, a position he took a few years after he accused the former asylum doctor of negligence for concluding that the deaths among his positions were due to the “peculiar constitution and status of the race of color”. McCune Smith's activism showed aspiring African-Americans that becoming a professional black doctor could be more than just treating patients. Unlike the many collections that university libraries have dedicated to preserving the legacy of white physicians who were former students or donors, there is no “James McCune Smith Medical Collection” where academics can go to study their medical careers and scientific ideas. He was also the first African-American author published in a peer-reviewed medical journal, and opened the first black-owned pharmacy in the United States, serving black and white customers.
With his title mocking phrenology's attempts to diminish the value of African Americans, Smith paints worthy portraits of ordinary black people, a black man in boots, a washerman as examples of the unique personalities inherent in every human being. Sam hopes to realize his dream of becoming a doctor; however, it remains to be seen when and how he pursues it. .