Originally from Trinidad, John graduated with a medical degree from the University of Edinburgh in 1899.He then worked in hospitals in London for several years before going into practice on his own. James McCune Smith was not just any doctor. He was the first African-American to obtain a medical degree, educated at the University of Glasgow in the 1830s, when no American university would admit it. For this pioneering achievement alone, Smith deserves greater appreciation.
Later research has revealed that there were many other black doctors who lived in the United States in the decades after McCune Smith became a doctor. The difficulty of carrying out a project of this nature is that many of the scientific articles and publications of black doctors have been lost in the sands of time. He conducted his own research and demonstrated that the original collection of figures in situ in northern nursing homes had been flawed and that, as a result, the data were incorrect and could not be used to accurately determine the health of black asylum patients. After graduating, several black students attended college throughout the century.
Although there weren't many African Americans in Glasgow, black writers had been operating in Britain since the 1770s. By the time younger black doctors like DeGrasse and Augusta began their studies, McCune Smith had already opened an office that served patients on both sides of the color line and had published several scientific articles. English Heritage has approved the nomination, publicly marking the life story of Britain's first black consulting physician. Its goal was to prepare free and enslaved blacks “so that they can become good and useful Citizens of the State, once the state grants full emancipation.
There was also Alexander Thomas Augusta, who, despite Virginia laws prohibiting free blacks from learning to read, was educated by a minister, moved to Toronto, and graduated from Trinity College medical school in 1856.The main problem was that advocates of slavery had noticed that the mortality rates of African Americans in northern nursing homes were higher than those of blacks in southern states. The school graduated a list of children who would occupy the highest ranks of black intellectual and public life. These facts show that within 15 years after becoming a Free State, part of New York's free black population has improved the mortality rate by 13.28%, a fact unparalleled in the history of any people. Released by the New York Emancipation Act of 1827, and after graduating with honors from the African Free School at age 15, the following year, Smith was an apprentice blacksmith, while continuing his studies with area ministers.
A prolific writer, Smith was not only the first African American to publish peer-reviewed articles in medical journals; he also wrote essays and lectured refuting pseudoscientific claims of black inferiority and predicted the transformative impact that African Americans were destined to make on the world culture. . James Samuel Risien Russell (1863-193) was a renowned neurologist, acclaimed professor and one of the first British black consultants.