James McCune Smith, MD, was a first-class man. In 1837, he became the first African American to receive a medical degree, although he had to enroll in the Medical School of the University of Glasgow due to racist admission practices in the United States, James McCune Smith was not just any doctor. He was the first African American to obtain a medical degree, educated at the University of Glasgow in the 1830s, when no American university would admit it. For this pioneering achievement alone, Smith deserves greater appreciation.
James McCune Smith was the first African-American to receive a doctorate in medicine from a university. Born in 1813 to a poor fugitive slave from South Carolina who had escaped to New York City, he went on to attend the University of Glasgow during the 1830s. When he returned to the United States, he became a prominent black doctor, a tireless abolitionist, activist and journalist. Humanities and social science scholars have increasingly used these periodicals as primary sources to track the contributions of black individuals to their disciplines3, something that physicians and medical historians can also do.
The school graduated a list of children who would occupy the highest ranks of black intellectual and public life. These facts show that within 15 years after becoming a Free State, part of New York's free black population has improved the mortality rate by 13.28%, a fact unparalleled in the history of any people. In 1844, Smith became the first black doctor in the United States to publish a scientific article in the formal medical literature, a case series of 5 women whose menstruation stopped with the use of opioids. In 1837, he established a doctor's office at 55 West Broadway, where he also opened the first black-owned pharmacy in the United States.
Its objective was to prepare free and enslaved blacks “so that they can become good and useful Citizens of the State, once the state grants full emancipation. It is estimated that after the riots, Manhattan's black population declined by 20 percent, many of them leaving for Brooklyn. But according to the Association of American Medical Colleges, only 5% of doctors in the country are black. Nathan “Nearest Green” was the first known black master distiller and creator of the project behind Jack Daniel's Tennessee whiskey.
For example, Flexner's 1910 report to the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching recommended closing all but 2 historically black medical schools, despite recognizing that 2 universities could not train enough doctors to care for 9.8 million black people in the United States. In 1895, he co-founded the National Medical Association, a professional organization for black doctors, since the American Medical Association did not allow African-American membership. He was born in Liberia but moved to the United States to study at Livingstone College in Salisbury, North Carolina, a historically black Christian university. Smith was born a slave on April 18, 1813 in New York City to Lavinia Smith, an enslaved black woman from South Carolina, and Samuel Smith, a white merchant slave owner.
He conducted his own research and demonstrated that the original collection of the figures in situ in northern nursing homes had been flawed and that, as a result, the data were incorrect and could not be used to accurately determine the health of black asylum patients. Although there weren't many African Americans in Glasgow, black writers had been operating in Britain since the 1770s. McCune Smith's activism showed aspiring African-Americans that becoming a professional black doctor could be more than just treating patients. .